The history of Vienna dates back to the Roman Empire when it served as a military camp. Since then, Vienna grew in terms of social, economic, cultural and political significance. Today the Austrian capital is one of the most visited cities in Europe. Vienna is a convenient travel hub with trains connecting East and West Europe. Eurail pass holders may find themselves passing through here more than once.
History of Vienna
The economy of Vienna started to grow when it became one of the trading centers of Europe during the 11th century. It was the capital of the Babenberg dynasty and maintained its status during the times of the Austrian Habsburgs. Austria was once one of the biggest cities in Europe during the 19th century as the capital of Austria-Hungary and the Austrian Empire. After World War I, Austria became the capital of the Republic of Austria. Through the centuries, magnificent structures and palaces were built which are still standing strong for Austrians and tourists to enjoy.
Things to do in Vienna
There are cathedrals, museums and historical parts in Vienna that are worth visiting. The Belvedere grounds, for example, is the location of two of Austria’s most important palaces which were built by the famous baroque architect JL von Hildebrandt for Prince Eugene of Savoy. The palaces feature the typical Rococo style. Today, they are the home of famous Austrian paintings and 18th century Austrian Art. The park around the palace has more than 4000 variations of alpine plants. Spring and early summer are the best times to visit the Belvedere Palace.
The Stephansdom or St. Stephen’s Cathedral is one of the most famous tourist spots in Austria. Built in 1147 AD, the cathedral had served as the heart and center of Vienna for centuries. And before the age of skyscrapers and modern construction techniques, St. Stephen’s Cathedral was the tallest structure in Europe. There are a few modern structures in Vienna. One of them is the highly disputed Haas House. It was designed by Hans Hollein and constituted primarily of glass and concrete.
Vienna by Eurail
Train stations connecting Vienna to other European countries are the Südbahnhof or South Station and Westbahnhof or West Station.
Resources: Vienna Tourism